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College of Health & Pharmaceutical Sciences
School of Pharmacy

ULM School of Pharmacy
Competency Statements/Education Outcomes

1.  Provide Comprehensive Patient Specific Pharmaceutical Care.

A.  Evaluate the appropriateness of a given prescription or medication order based on patient and disease-specific factors (1)

i.  Analyze the prescription regarding the medication, dose, delivery form, and duration of use as being appropriate for the patient and disease state.

a.  Collect patient-specific data regarding demographics, medical history, diagnosis, physical assessment, and medication history.

1)  Conduct a patient/caregiver interview

a)  Establish a relationship with the patient/caregiver.
b)  Determine the most appropriate method of communication.
c)  Complete a structured medical history.

2)  Identify and collect pertinent information from the medical chart, database, and/or the patient/caregiver interview.

a)  Describe the organization of the patient chart in different practice settings.
b)  Discuss rules and regulations concerning the use of medical charts in various practice settings (i.e., HIPAA)
c)  Recognize appropriate patient- and drug-specific factors that will impact the drug regimen.

3)  Perform selected aspects of physical assessment in order to identify ongoing or potential medication-related problems and the root cause of the problems.

4)  Collaborate with other healthcare providers.

b.  Analyze and interpret information gathered to identify any drug-related problem.

1)  Assess the prescription for interaction potential, including interactions with other medications (both prescription and non-prescription), disease states, foods, and herbals.

2)  Determine availability and appropriateness of medications and dosage form. (pharmaceutics)

3)  Identify appropriate duration of therapy for that disease state.

B.  Evaluate each patient for self-treatment and referral. (2)

i.   Identify patient signed and symptoms amenable to self-treatment and identify contraindications to self-treatment.  (OTC info)

ii.   Identify the nature of the problem via a medical interview, medication history, and limited physical exam.

iii.  Determine the appropriate action needed for the specific patient and their signs and symptoms.  (Pharmacist work-up of drug therapy) (pharmacology and medicinal chemistry)

a.  Refer the patient to the appropriate medical provider or facility given the specific patient and problem presentation.

1)  Appropriately match the severity of the problem with appropriate resources within the healthcare system.
2)  Identify community resources.

iv.   Implement proper follow-up after the initial evaluation.

C.  Develop and implement an evidence-based care plan. (pharmacology, med chem., physiology, pathology, etc.) (3)

i.    Identify goals of therapy that are individualized to the patient.

ii.   Develop a plan of care that includes interventions to resolve drug therapy problems, achieve the goals of therapy, and prevent drug therapy problem.s

iii.  Develop a schedule to follow-up and evaluate the effectiveness of outcomes from drug therapies and assess any adverse events experienced by the patient.

iv.   Evaluate patient outcomes with respect to the achievement of goals of therapy, patient adherence, patient safety, and the development of new drug therapy problems.

D.  Compound and/or dispense the most optimal formulation for drug delivery consistent with the patient needs and in harmony with the law. (4)

i.    Describe the laws/regulations concerning compounding and dispensing of medications. (law class)

ii.   Identify pertinent patient and drug specific biopharmaceutic issues and select the most appropriate dosage form, route, method of administration, and formulation.

iii.  Identify chemical stability and incompatibility issues (IV sets/fluids).

iv.  Appropriately package and label the medication.

v.   Discuss sterility issues.

vi.   Apply good compounding practices.

vii.  Utilize appropriate weights, measures, and calculations.

viii.  Administer medications when appropriate.

E.  Document all activities involved with the provision of comprehensive patient specific pharmaceutical care. (5)