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Dual Use Research
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Use of Animals
Recent terrorist threats and events have prompted federal government, as well as research community, to raise the awareness over "dual use" research. "Dual use" research is not a recent phenomena. However, concerns over this legitimate scientific work that could be misused to threaten public health or national security, have grown as the potential for terrorism increases.
The National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB) has defined "dual use research of concern" as
research that, based on current understanding, can be reasonably anticipated to provide knowledge, products, or technologies that could be directly misapplied by others to pose a threat to public health and safety, agriculture, plants, animals, the environment, or materiel.
So, what are criteria for identifying dual use research of concern? According to the NSABB, careful consideration should be given to knowledge, products, or technologies that do the following:
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